The holidays are a wonderful time of year for both adults and children. However relationships, finances and physical and emotional demands can result in holiday stress. The following are some causes, which you might relate. The good news is, with some helpful tips you too can have a stress-free holiday.

Relationships: Relationship tension among family, friends, and intimate partners, can become worse during the holidays. And if you're facing the holidays without a loved one, you may find yourself lonely or sad. Family relationships: Especially if you are together for several days, conflicts among family members are bound to arise with so many needs and interests to accommodate. Intimate partners: Whether you are dating or recently married or living together, tension often arises when deciding when both want to follow their own traditions, but yet want to be together.

Finances: Like your relationships, finances can also cause stress at any time of the year. But overspending during the holidays on gifts, travel, food and entertainment can increase stress if you spend beyond your means.

Physical demands: Activities such as shopping, attending social gatherings, unrealistic expectations, over-commercialization, and preparing holiday meals can wear you down. Feeling tired can also increase your stress, creating a vicious cycle. Then in addition to stress, add lack of exercise, and overindulgence in food and drink can result in holiday illness. Getting plenty of exercise and sleep are good ways to help manage stress and fatigue.


  • Expect less! Don’t compete with past holidays or try to make this one “the best ever”.  Set realistic goals, pace yourself, and organize time.  Write a list of the most important activities and things to do. Don’t plan too much. Be realistic about what you can do. Don’t spend too much time preparing for one day (Thanksgiving, Christmas, etc.).
  • Allow yourself to feel: The holiday season does not automatically make feelings of sadness or loneliness go away. Allow yourself to feel however you feel but talk with others about how you feel when you begin to feel down.
  • Let go of the past!  Don’t be disappointed if your holidays are not like they used to be.  Life brings changes.  Each holiday season is different and can be enjoyed in its’ own way.  You set yourself up for sadness if everything has to be just like the “good old days”.  Especially with the loss of a loved one, keep memories in your heart and dedicate new traditions to them and look toward the future.
  • Do something for someone else.  Try volunteering to help others.
  • Enjoy “free” holiday activities: Drive and look at Holiday decorations, go window shopping.
  • Do not drink too much.  Alcohol is a depressant. Drinking can make you feel more depressed.
  • Don’t be afraid to try something new.  Celebrate the holidays in a way you have not done before.
  • Spend time with “supportive” people who care about you.  Even those who care about you might not always be supportive (both family and friends). Make new friends if you are alone during special times.  Contact someone you have lost touch with.
  • Spend less and not over what you can afford. Make gifts & be creative. Don’t get caught up in the “buying trend”.
  • Take care of yourself! Get plenty of exercise, sleep, and time to relax by living in the moment.
  • Find time for yourself!  Don’t spend all your time providing activities for your family and friends. 
  • If you are depressed or need someone to talk to, call 1-800-273-TALK (8255)

 Source: National Mental Health Association

Remember to follow these tips to help keep you and your family safe this holiday season. Watch out for all of the eight part serious on holiday safety including Cooking, Stress-Free Holidays, The Holidays After Loss of A Loved One, Shopping, Child Safe Gift Guide, Gift's and Child Boundaries, and Family Holiday Activities and more.

You can also visit Winter Holidays and Winter Sport Safety or read or print Holiday Times for all your holiday safety needs.

For questions, contact

Be a positive role model by teaching your children that the holiday season is a time for giving and how to be realistic. Remember trying to meet all of your child’s wishes can cause stress to you and your bank account.
  • Let them know if a toy is unsafe or too expensive
  • Let them know that you and Santa will do their best to get them a special gift
  • Enjoy time with your children. Have them choose a craft or activity at least once a week. Bake cookies, write a story, or make up a game, even as a gift. Your children will remember these moments much more than anything you will ever buy!

By simply setting boundaries and validating your child will help give you and your child a much happier holiday.
Get this!
Not This!

Validate your child’s feelings

So plan ahead, be aware and ready to respond, because you know you will hear “I want…”. So as you shop, when you hear “I want”, remember to first validate their feelings. Even if you are shopping for others, still validate them by letting them know you are happy they showed you what they would like. Acknowledge them by asking them to remember that item and write it on a list when they get home. Then, if they keep asking then simply remind them again that you are shopping for others and let them help you.
Set boundaries with your child

Plan ahead, when you take your child to any store during the holidays, let them know what your intent is. Let them know what you are shopping for. If gifts for others, try to have them help by asking for their ideas. Let them know that it is okay if they see something they like, but this is not the time for us to buy it.

Remember to follow these tips to help keep you and your family safe this holiday season. Watch out for all of the eight part serious on holiday safety including Cooking, Stress-Free Holidays, The Holidays After Loss of A Loved One, Shopping, Child Safe Gift Guide, Gift's and Child Boundaries, and Family Holiday Activities and more.

You can also visit Winter Holidays and Winter Sport Safety or read or print Holiday Times for all your holiday safety needs.

For questions, contact


Shopping Guide: Infants & Toddlers
(Ages 0-3)
  • Children can choke on anything that is 1 ¾ inch (4.45cm) or less 
  • Toys that have strings, straps or cords more than 7 inches (17.7cm) are a strangulation hazard
  • Avoid toys with small removable parts due to being a choking hazard
  • Check small parts, such as making sure a teddy bear’s eyes and nose are securely attached
  • Balloons are not recommended due to being a choking hazard  
  • Toys with lithium batteries are a burn risk
Gift Ideas:
Remember to read warnings and tags to make sure gifts are age-appropriate
  • Soft dolls
  • Stuffed animals (with no buttons or small parts)
  • Cloth covered books
Ages 1-3 years: 
  • Books
  • Blocks
  • Shape toys
  • Balls (no smaller than 1 ¾ inches)

Shopping Guide:  Ages 4-8
Warnings & Information:
  • Electric toys can be a burn hazard for this age
  • Electronic devices are distractions and do not stimulate creative learning that helps brain development
Gift Ideas!
  • Non-toxic arts and crafts
  • Books
  • Musical Instruments
  • Outdoor toys

Shopping Guide:  Ages 9+
Warnings & Information:
Electric trains and battery operated toys are safe for this age, but:
  1. Children should not      change batteries
  2. Adults check for loose wires
Electronic devices do not promote physical activity or brain development
Gift Ideas!
  • Sports equipment
  • Bicycle, scooter, skateboard, roller blades or skates
  • Helmet & protective gear
Remember when purchasing a wheeled item such as a bicycle, skateboard, roller blades or roller skates, also purchase a helmet

Shopping Guide:  All Ages
Be Aware & Never Buy:
  • Propelled toys such as darts
  • Toys with lead-based paint
  • Toy guns, or pellet or BB guns  
  • Toys with sharp point or edges
  • Toys that make loud noises-can injury hearing
  • Always consider:
    • Follow age recommendations
    • Read instructions and teach your child how to properly use any new toy
    • Immediately discard plastic wrappings, which can lead to suffocation to small children 

    Source: U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, National Safety Council and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    Remember to follow these tips to help keep you and your family safe this holiday season. Watch out for all of the eight part serious on holiday safety including Cooking, Stress-Free Holidays, The Holidays After Loss of A Loved One, Shopping, Child Safe Gift Guide, Gift's and Child Boundaries, and Family Holiday Activities and more.

    You can also visit Winter Holidays and Winter Sport Safety or read or print Holiday Times for all your holiday safety needs.

    For questions, contact

    This holiday season, while shopping don't put yourself in the hands of a thief. Be alert during the holiday shopping season and remember these tips before, during and after shopping to make your season safe and enjoyable.

    • Turn off all lights & blow-out all open flame candles before leaving home
    • Never leave children home alone without an adult or child 13 years of age or older
    • Avoid shopping alone
    • Shop during daylight hours, if dark, 1) Shop with a friend, 2) Park in well-lighted space
    • Avoid carrying large amounts of cash
    • Keep your purse or wallet with you
    • Keep valuables out of plain view in your car
    • While shopping never leave children alone:
    1. In a car, or
    2. In public facilities (arcade or playground) 
    • Do not carry too many packages-lock them in your car trunk or not in plain view  
    • Avoid carrying large amounts of cash
    • Keep credit slips-tear & discard later
    • Wear your purse strapped across your body and wallets in front pocket
    • Use credit or bank ATM card or checks rather than carrying cash.
    • If ATM is used, use as “credit” so you do not have to use your PIN number
    • If you need an ATM, use one located in a mall, store, or well-lighted location
    • In public restrooms-do not hang a purse on handles/hooks and never on the floor
    • Always go with your child when taking them to the restroom
    • Teach your child never to talk to or go anywhere with strangers
    • Use the shopping cart safety belt for a child
    • On escalators-hold a child’s hand facing them forward and make sure shoes are tied
    • When leaving the stores, if dark or late at night ask security to escort you to your car
    When walking to your car:
    • Walk confidently with your head up and noticing surroundings
    • Walk in well-lighted and well traveled area where there are lots of people
    • Be aware of people around you. Scan the area around your car. Make sure nobody is hiding nearby-If someone looks suspicious report them and request for an escort
    • Have your car key or remote in your hand and ready to unlock your car
    Once at your car:
    • Look inside to make sure nobody is hiding
    • When loading purchases put your purse in first, then children, packages, etc.
    • Once in vehicle, lock doors immediately
    Once at Home
    • Take infants & toddlers from car and into to home first, then remove gifts
    • Keep all wrapped gifts hidden in closets, not under your tree, so they are out of sight to prevent a burglary
    • Put gifts under you tree on December 24th

    Remember to follow these tips to help keep you and your family safe this holiday season. Watch out for all of the eight part serious on holiday safety including Cooking, Stress-Free Holidays, The Holidays After Loss of A Loved One, Shopping, Child Safe Gift Guide, Gift's and Child Boundaries, and Family Holiday Activities and more.

    You can also visit
    Winter Holidays and Winter Sport Safety or read or print Holiday Times for all your holiday safety needs.

    For questions, contact

    Beginning in November and continuing through December every hour 10 people are injured from holiday decorating activities. The good news is that these injuries are 100% preventable. Pro Consumer Safety briefly explains why and provides safety tips to keep you and your family safe while decorating for the holidays.
    "Holiday Decorating" is part one of an eight part series on holiday safety (Cooking, Stress-Free Holidays, Holidays After Loss of A Loved One, Shopping Safety, Child-Safe Gift Guide, Gifts and Children's Boundaries, and Family Holiday Activities). In addition will also include a brief on Hanukkah Safety.) 

    Common Holiday-Related Injuries

    • Adult falls : Most adult falls are from ladders followed by cuts, burns, and back strains all from decorating.
    • Fires: Most tree fires happen between Christmas and New Year's when trees become more dried out. Tree fires happen because of three common reasons: 1) The tree not being watered-Live trees dry quickly in a warm home, especially when not watered regularly causing a high fire risk. 2) the tree being placed too close to a heat source (fireplace or heater), and 3) Too many strands of lights plugged into together.
    • Falls and poisonings among toddler-aged children: Children under the age of 5 are also treated in emergency departments during this time of year for injuries associated with 1) shopping cart and escalator related-falls while parents are shopping; and 2) in the home from being exposed to poisonous holiday plants and decorations that look like candy.

    Decorating Safety Tips

    Keeping decorating safety tips as part of your decorating checklist will help to keep you and your family away from the emergency room and safe this holiday. 

    Tree Decorating

    Live Tree Warning!
    Most tree fires happen between Christmas Day and New Years. For those who celebrate Christmas or Hanukkah with a tree or bush that is decorated, remember if you have a live tree or bush, they can dry out quickly in a warm home, from not being watered properly, being too close to room heating and too many strands of lights plugged together.

    Tree or Bush Decorating Tips:

    1. Water tree or bush regularly by checking and adding water each morning
    2. Keep tree of bush as far away as possible from any heat source such as a fireplace or heater (no closer than three feet away, but further is always best)
    3. Use no more than 3-strands of lights plugged together. Always follow warnings and recommendations on the specific lighting.

    Holiday Lighting Tips:

    1. Indoor lights are for “indoor-use” only
    2. Outside lights are for “outdoor-use” only and those with a label that reads “certified for outdoor use”
    3. For lighting sets with broken sockets, frayed or bare wires do not use and throw away
    4. Outdoor lights and decorations must be plugged into aground fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs). These can be purchased where electrical supplies are sold
    5. Use no more than three strings of lights for each extension cord
    6. Never use electric lights on a metallic tree
    7. Stay away from power lines leading from the home to utility poles
    8. Fasten outdoor lights securely to trees, house walls, or other firm supports to protect from wind damage
    9. Use insulated staples to hold strings in place-not nails or tacks. or hook strings of lights on hooks
    10. When it is time to remove outdoor lights, never pull lights down because it can damage the electrical wire
    11. When using a ladder to hang lights, make sure it is stable. Have someone assist you if necessary.
    12. Remember to turn off lights when you leave home and when you go to bed! See Holiday Before Bedtime Nightly Routine!

    Holiday Plant Safety Tips

    Three common holiday plants include mistletoe, holly berries and Christmas cactus. When decorating for the holidays, if you have small children (infants or toddlers) living in your home or if you will have small children visiting your home, be aware of these holiday plants that are known to be poisonous.

    Mistletoe, holly berries, and Christmas cactus are poisonous if swallowed. Eating one or two berries from these plants can cause stomach aches, vomiting and/or diarrhea. However a higher amount of 15-20 can be deadly. Keep these plants up high, away from small children and even animals. Also keep in mind that if these are hung on a door, such as in a wreath, or placed overhanging from a bookcase, that leaves might drop becoming a risk to infants and toddlers, and pets.
    Mistletoe - Poisonous
    Natural Mistletoe
    Holly Berries - Poisonous
    Holly Berries (close up)
    Natural Holly Berries
    Christmas Cactus - Poisonous
    Christmas Cactus (close up)
    Christmas Cactus Plant
    Never assume and always call Poison Control (1-800-222-1222). Remember Poison Control is also available for non-emergency questions about any type of concerns about poisoning. Many people confuse Poinsettias, but these are not poisonous, but if swallowed may cause stomach aches. Again, never guess what a child or even adult might have swallowed, always call Poison Control at 1-800-222-1222. Keep this number stored in your mobile phone.

    Fireplace Safety Tips

    A fireplace in your home is warm and festive for the holidays. However keep in mind fire and burn safety when decorating and when in use. Follow these decorating and use recommendations to prevent the risk of a fire in your home and a burn to visitors such as infants or toddlers who might visit your home.

    Decorating your fireplace:
    1. Do not hang Christmas stockings in front of a burning fire
    2. When decorating a mantle, keep is clear of flammable decorations such as greenery branches, ribbons and paper
    3. Other decorations like baskets of pine cones or other greenery on the hearth can become a fire risk, so keep further away from the fire
    4. Keep Christmas tree and anything that is flammable more than three feet away from a fireplace
    When fireplace is in use:
    1. Keep "fire salts," (that make colored flames when put on wood fires), stored high away from children. These salts contain heavy metals that can cause severe stomach irritation and vomiting if eaten
    2. Use glass fireplace doors or a metal screen in front of your fireplace 
    3. Barrier gates can be used when infants and toddlers are visiting 
    4. Do not burn wrapping paper or tree branches in the fireplace because these ignite rapidly!
    5. Always put fireplace flames out before going to bed. See "Holiday Nightly Before Bedtime Routine"

    Remember don't let the unknown become a risk and the result a visit to the emergency room this holiday. Keep you and your family and guests safe by practicing these tips. Remember Holiday Decorating is part one of an eight part series (Watch out for Cooking, Stress-Free Holidays, The Holidays After Loss of A Loved One, Shopping, Child Safe Gift Guide, Gift's and Child Boundaries, and Family Holiday Activities).

    You can also visit Winter Holidays and Winter Sport Safety or read or print Holiday Times for all your holiday safety needs.

    For questions, contact
    SUV's becoming smaller impacts child passenger safety
    When shopping for a family vehicle remember there are approximately 684 models of motor vehicles and 238 models of child restraint systems (car seats) manufactured in the United States, and model designs can change every year. While vehicles and car seats are required to meet Federal standards, depending on specific criteria, not all car seats are compatible to every vehicle. Add to the fact that vehicles are becoming smaller can make compatibility even more of a problem, affecting installation and safety even among the largest of SUV's. Pro Consumer Safety has established 12-factors for parents to consider when shopping for a new family vehicle.
    If you have children and/or have an active outdoor lifestyle that requires space to transport children and outdoor sports equipment and supplies, needing a Sport Utility Vehicle (SUV) or a minivan is a must. If, however you not have noticed,  SUV’s are becoming smaller (both in width and length). This is a safety problem especially since car seats are getting larger to keep children at each stage (rear-facing, forward-facing, booster seat) longer to give them more protection.  For example, currently 77% of all rear-facing compatible car seats have a weight maximum of 40, 45 and even 50-pounds for rear-facing position (also important to follow height restriction).  This increased weight can keep a child rear-facing between the ages of 3-5 years of age (based upon 90% percentile of height and weight, CDC Clinical Growth Charts). Remember anytime one transitions a child from rear-facing to forward-facing, regardless of age, the child is at an increased risk of c-spine (neck) and traumatic brain injury in the event of a collision. So having car seats becoming larger and having an increased weight capability helps to give protection to the child's head and neck. But smaller sized vehicles can compromise this ability, due to lack of needed space for rear-facing seats and with some vehicles becoming more narrow can also affect the ability to properly install some rear-facing and forward-facing car seats.

    According to Consumer Affairs, because of new fuel economy standards, automakers are designing SUV’s smaller to improve fuel economy. This is not a problem, if you are not a tall driver or passenger (generally 5’10” or taller), only have one child, do not mind riding in the back seat with your child, just go to dinner, the movies, get groceries, or maybe take a beach chair and a small cooler to the beach, a smaller SUV is likely fine. However, with SUV’s becoming smaller this can be a problem. A smaller sized SUV can severely affect whether you can safely transport a child or numerous children in these smaller SUV's, and even in some sedans. Add to the fact that if you have an active outdoor lifestyle, you need space for carrying equipment such as for kayaking, snowboarding/skiing, camping, biking, child carriers, bike trailers, etc. But even more important is having enough space and capability to properly install a car seat in the safest location in the vehicle. Depending on the factors below, these contribute to a 30-35% risk that a specific car seat might not be compatible to a specific vehicle. This is why Pro Consumer Safety recommends having a Certified Child Passenger Safety Technician (CPST) make sure the vehicle you are considering can accommodate the seats necessary to safely and properly transport your child in the vehicle before you purchase it.

    12-Factors to consider when shopping for a new family vehicle
    Pro Consumer Safety has already provided consultation to automotive design engineers on some of these issues. It is also currently assessing top selling car seats that are most compatible to the top selling family vehicles, including SUV’s and minivans. Meanwhile the following are factors that have been shown to contribute to car seat (rear-facing, forward-facing combination, all-in-one and booster seats) compatibility problems. Consumers can use this as a guide when shopping for a new vehicle. Then once you have your vehicles narrowed down Pro Consumer Safety recommends having a CPST assist you to ensure the vehicle is compatible to the car seats necessary for your child.
    1. Number of children (obviously more than one child can increase difficulty).
    2. Number of car seats (rear-facing, forward-facing, booster)
    3. Height/weight of children (contributes to the type of car seat i.e. rear-facing, forward-facing, booster)
    4. Height of driver and front passenger. Heights of 5’10” or taller are more problematic for some vehicles when using rear-facing car seats. The driver and passenger  need at least 3” of space between their knees and dashboard, and for the driver no less than 10” to the steering wheel and for the passenger no less than 20” to the front airbag)
    5. Second row vehicle seat is fixed or does not slide back. This is necessary for proper space necessary between the back of the child's rear-facing car seat and the back of the front vehicle seats. Whereas rear-facing car seats need at least 1.5-2 inches of space between the back of the car seat and back of front vehicle seats. This can impact the driver and passenger as just discussed above.
    6. Contours of vehicle seats. Whereas the sides and back of the vehicle seat angles can affect installation of a car seat or even booster seat.
    7. Location of LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children) - height of LATCH and contours of vehicle seat can affect proper use of LATCH, depending on design of car seat.
    8. Location of vehicle reseat belts - seat belts that are not close between the vehicle seat bench and seat back such as being 3-4" away from the back of the vehicle seat becomes a problem when using a seat belt to install a car seat, causing inability to pull the car seat back against the rear of the back seat to be installed properly
    9. Fixed seat belts - when the seat belt receptacle is attached to the bench of the vehicle seat, instead of being on a short belt makes it difficult to place a car seat in the correct location and/or position. This can make is difficult to install a car seat properly as well as can affect the number of car seats placed in the back seat.
    10. Center vehicle seating position where the seat belts are offset or too close together such as being 8-inches or less apart or further away from the center.
    11. Rounded, highly contoured center hump of back vehicle seat.
    12. Number of top tethers (for forward-facing seats that have a top tether - not all vehicles have a top tether at all seat location. Especially in some larger SUV's
    If the vehicle you are interested in has any of these factors above, this can increase car seat compatibility problems. In any case however, it is highly recommended to have a CPST assist to make sure you can accommodate the type and number of car seats properly before your purchase the vehicle.
    For questions call 323-491-6197

    Safety ratings for new vehicles

    Pro Consumer Safety receives numerous inquiries from new and expectant parents on what is the best type and safest vehicle to transport their children in. While every vehicle manufacturer has their own criteria and safety specifications, we generally refer them to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), an independent, nonprofit scientific and educational organization that helps to reduce death, injury and property from crashes. The IIHS offers an excellent resource for consumers on vehicle ratings.

    This is a brief word of caution if you are considering purchasing a Tesla Model X, their new SUV. Whereas with the recent crashes of the Tesla Model X, even when drivers were not in the vehicle at the time, the safety of technology features is a high risk safety issue. It also is not large enough for your lifestyle or purpose when transporting children. The brief below is from Pro Consumer Safety's Facebook. 

    Perhaps the most important thing to take away here is the need for operator training: The manufacturer is finding that these crashes are driver error. Because these vehicles are "partially autonomous" perhaps the manufacturer needs to require a special operators license to drive these partially autonomous vehicles so drivers are properly trained to keep the driver, it's passengers, as well as other vehicles and pedestrians safe.

    Remember when shopping for a new vehicle check the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), an independent, nonprofit scientific and educational organization that helps to reduce death, injury and property from crashes. They offer an excellent resource for consumers on vehicle ratings
    While Memorial Day kicks off the beginning of summer activities, we must always remember, honor and give thanks to those who have served and to among those who are still serving, that because of their dedication and honor, they have given us  such freedom. Thank you.


    It is all too often that we hear cases of teen behaviors resulting in physical fights leading to outcomes where the teens never expected or even desired. Including disability, death, prison time, all resulting in consequences that can  change their lives forever.
    It is easier for adults to understand this, because adults make most decisions with their prefrontal cortex. The part of the brain responsible for decision making and understanding consequences and planning. This is the executive functioning part of the brain, that is not fully developed until the mid to late 20's. Among teens, this part of the brain is not yet functional. Instead teens utilize their limbic system to make decisions. The part of the brain responsible for strong emotions.  While there are other neurodevelopmental factors such as neurotransmitter changes that also affect risk taking and acting out behaviors, this part of the brain is where teens act out based on strong emotions and move straight into fight-or-flight. They lack understanding, negotiation, remembering consequences, etc.

    Schools can have all the regulatory requirements, programs, disciplinary practices necessary, but yet with teens, once the limbic system is activated, these programs and even disciplinary practices are not a part of their decision making in that moment. Even if a small part is, the teen is often unable to think of consequences but rather survival and strong emotions. The teens "react" rather than "respond", resulting in unintended outcomes and consequences.  Regardless of who started what or why, this is unfortunately what happened among several teens at Howard High School of Technology in Wilmington, Delaware, that resulted in the death of a 16-year old sophomore.

    As an injury and neuroepidemiologist, as well as a parent, it is sad to see how these teens lives are now changed forever. There is no reason for us adults to allow such behavior. Of course it is difficult especially if adults try to intervene in the moment. What teens need is help through skill building activities way before, so they do not get to this stage of behavior. It seems clear that adults understand the teens behavior, but they seem to lack the reasoning of why they behave this way and the teens difficulty in their inability to stop. It is all to often adults think only if we have stronger discipline and consequences then they will behave differently. In some cases this can work. But again those work when the teen limbic system has not been fully activated during fight-or-flight. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have shown how teens differ from adult developed brains. These studies in the lab have confirmed how a teen will increase risk taking even when they just think their peers can see them.
    The teen developing brain is different. It is not that teens are not intelligent. Many teens that I have taught in schools are amazing. Of course they are young, unexperienced, not yet ready to conquer the world, but very knowledgeable and even eager with many interests. Which is something adults need to encourage and nurture.  However once the teen becomes emotional there is no more sanity. It is not that they are crazy.
    Time laps of the human brain between the ages of 5-20 years illustrating range of maturity
    As adults, now that neuroscience studies have demonstrated why this occurs and have identified such differences between the adult and teen brain, injury and violence prevention programs, including discipline and even academic classes, need to be structured with the consideration of how the teen brain is developing. Studies have shown this can improve not only their behavior but also academic skills. It is not about adults telling teens they are bad, in trouble, or to threaten them that they are about to get into trouble, or yell at them saying were you not thinking? Remember they cannot think under their emotional condition at that moment. So no, they were not thinking. Of course, they are still responsible for their behavior.  

    These developmental differences among the teen brain however are further magnified when children and teens have been exposed to child abuse and neglect, intimate partner violence, family dysfunction or even that parent who is just "a little controlling". These all can contribute to negative effects, making the reactions of the emotional brain  even more severe. Further, are those teens who have parents and caregivers who model poor, unhealthy and risky coping skills to them.

    Adults, educators, administrators, policy makers, all need to consider the development of the teen brain  when planning prevention programs and even disciplinary practices. This is why I have studied and applied neuroscience to develop more strategic and effective public health programs. Without this neuroscience based component, teens will continue to act out, misbehave and never learn how to control their emotions. Resulting in another generation of adults who will eventually be in relationships raising children. And yet another generation of acting out behaviors, despite the best intentions of parents/caregivers, educators or policy makers. But such neuroscience based programs are not just helping to reducing emotional and violent behavior but also effective in reducing other risky behaviors observed throughout adolescence such as alcohol and drug use, early sexual behavior and thrill seeking. Overall without applying neuroscience based programs, we are not doing justice to teens. We have the understanding and evidence base neuroscience. So now it is time to develop programs more strategically with the teen brain in mind.
    Parents, caregivers, school administrators and educators, and even probation now have programs available that include a neuroscience based approach. Pro Consumer Safety has developed Cognitive-Based Integrative (CBI) Programs to help provide parents and teens with the necessary skills so they can become empowered and have the ability practice healthy behaviors and skills to make positive choices in their life. 
    Parents and caregivers often have the best intention for their children, but when the parent or caregiver are unsure or even not aware of how their own past upbringing and existing behaviors contribute to their child's development and behavior, the best is often not reached and the parents/caregiver get the opposite of what they want. Teens also want the best for themselves. While they are trying to learn, searching for their own interests they also have peer pressure, pressure trying to meet parental standards and even negative effects from media and marketing to children and teens. Again guiding the child or teen in a direction of unwanted territory. It is up to us, as adults, to provide them with the best approaches based on the emotional brain (limbic system) so they can make healthy decisions for a successful future, leading to more successful generations.

    Related Information
    Pro Consumer Safety reminder that Sunday, March 13, 2016 clocks change ahead at 2:00 am to 3:00 am. Remember:
    • MOBILE DEVICES: Not all mobile phone carriers change the time forward right at 2:00. So the time on your mobile device may vary. Allow for this if you set the alarm for in the morning
    • SMOKE ALARMS/CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTORS: This is a great time to  check and/or change batteries in smoke alarms and carbon monoxide detectors

    Daylight saving tips from ABC News